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Middle and high school students can stomp for a kilometer or take a bus up to 30 minutes

Middle and high school students can stomp for a kilometer or take a bus up to 30 minutes

If in a rural small school there are only lower grades, then no more than 80 people can study in them, if the junior and middle – 250 people. If the school is full, there should be a place for 500 children to study. A school building should have no more than three floors. It is allowed in conditions of dense urban development to build institutions with a height of floors. If the school is located in a previously built – 5-storey building, the fourth and fifth floors should be allocated for classrooms rarely visited by students. Wardrobes are located on the 1st floor. They must be equipped with cells for each class. Younger schoolchildren are taught in classrooms assigned to each class, allocated in a separate block. For children studying in middle and high school, it is allowed to organize the educational process according to the classroom system in any floors of the building, except for the basements and basements. In a rural educational institution, with a small number of classes, it is allowed to use classrooms in 2 disciplines. The most favorable is the following combination of subjects: chemistry – biology, mathematics – drawing, drafting – drawing, history – geography, literature – a foreign language. One student must have at least 2.5 square meters. meter of office area. A laboratory assistant is organized at each office or a group of 2 – 3 rooms. The presence of a laboratory assistant is mandatory in the offices of chemistry, physics, biology, computer science. The gym should be located on the 1st floor in the annex. The number and types of gyms are provided depending on the type of educational institution and its capacity. The areas of sports halls are taken as 9 x 18 m, 12 x 2 m, 18 x 30 m with a height of at least 6 m. The dimensions of the assembly hall are determined by the number of seats at the rate of 0.65 square meters per seat and 60% of the total number of students institutions. Schools with in-depth study of individual subjects, gymnasiums and lyceums should have a lecture hall. The doctor’s office in the school should be at least 7 m long (to determine the hearing and visual acuity of students) and an area of ​​at least 1 square meter. meters. Sanitary facilities for boys and girls should be located on each floor, equipped with cabins with doors without constipation. The number of sanitary appliances is determined at the rate of 1 toilet bowl for 20 girls, 1 washbasin for 30 girls, 1 toilet bowl, 0.5 tray urinal and 1 washbasin for 30 boys. The area of ​​sanitary facilities for boys and girls should be taken at the rate of at least 0.1 square meters per student. A separate bathroom is allocated for the staff. The entrances to the bathrooms should not be located opposite the entrance to the classrooms or in the immediate vicinity of them. Wash basins must be installed in primary school rooms, laboratories, classrooms, workshops, medical rooms, teachers’ rooms, and technical personnel’s room. ABOUT CLEANING AND TEMPERATURE. The walls of classrooms should be smooth, allowing them to be cleaned with a wet method. The floors should be without gaps and have a plank, parquet or linoleum coating on an insulated basis. Classrooms are ventilated during breaks, and recreational ones during lessons. Before and after classes, it is necessary to ventilate the classrooms through ventilation. On warm days, it is advisable to conduct classes with open transoms and vents. (Read the continuation of the document in the next issue of ‘KP’ – December 25.) ABOUT FOOD. One hot meal (breakfast) must be organized for students. At the request of the parents, they can be provided with lunch. Those attending the extended day group are provided at the place of study with two hot meals a day (breakfast and lunch), and with a long stay in the institution – and afternoon tea. Canteens are provided in institutions with more than 100 students. In canteens, washbasins are installed at the rate of 1 tap for 20 seats. In rural schools (secondary and lower secondary), the requirements for catering are the same as in urban ones. It is prohibited to use in food: flask, barrel, unpasteurized milk without heat treatment (boiling); natural cottage cheese and sour cream without heat treatment (cottage cheese is used in the form of casseroles, cheesecakes, cheesecakes, sour cream is used in the form of sauces and in the first dish 5-10 minutes before cooking); green peas without heat treatment; pasta with minced meat (naval style), pancakes with meat, jellies, okroshka, pates, herring minced meat, aspic dishes (meat and fish); drinks, fruit drinks without heat treatment, kvass; mushrooms, pasta with minced egg, fried eggs; pastries and cream cakes; deep-fried pies, donuts. HOW IN VILLAGES? In villages, primary school students are allowed to walk no more than two kilometers or take a bus no more than 15 minutes. Middle and high school students can stomp for a kilometer or take the bus for up to 30 minutes. Rural authorities are obliged to take children to school by bus if they live at a distance of more than 1 km from a general education institution. Moreover, the distance from home to the school bus stop should be no more than 500 meters. Those children who live more than 15 kilometers from the school, or those who cannot get to school every day due to bad weather, should be settled in a school boarding school. Its capacity must be at least 10 percent of the total number of students. SOURCE: Trud (Moscow) DATE: 2002-12-24 NUMBER: # 229 TEXT: WHAT WE LEARN AT SCHOOL Olga SOLOMONOVA. LYUDMILA PUTINA SPEAKS FOR THE RIGHTS OF STUDENTS. The first lady took part in the work "round table"dedicated to topical issues of secondary schools and the rights of the child. There was a discussion at the Center for the Development of the Russian Language about the excessive workload of schoolchildren, the unjustified authoritarianism of teachers, the alienation of the family from school, the low level of legal culture – in short, about everything that does not allow a child to feel comfortable and protected. Education Minister Vladimir Filippov spoke about his profile – about the right of Russian children to quality education, for the implementation of which it is necessary, in turn, to solve the problem of the quality of teacher education, including the related issue of their salaries. Speaking about the relationship between teachers and students, Filippov said that 50 percent of children believe that all teachers treat them well, 23.5 percent say that teachers respect themselves. But this figure at the same time means, he stressed, that about 75 percent of children believe that teachers do not treat them properly. At the same time, the minister lamented that universities do not teach the protection of students’ rights by teachers. The position of the Ministry of Labor in family policy and her view on the role of the family in ensuring the rights of the child to education was expressed by the first deputy of this department, Galina Karelova. The main attention, in her opinion, should be directed to a family where there are children – it does not matter whether it is complete or not. The main provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, as it turned out during the discussion, are not familiar not only to the majority of parents and children, but also to 80 percent of teachers – guarantors of protecting the rights of students. Irina Akhmetova, deputy director of the Moscow school-laboratory No. 199, drew attention to this. And Galina Gryaznova spoke on behalf of her parents, who, in particular, suggested canceling the grades in physical education, drawing and singing. Parallel to the adult, the children’s "Round table"where pupils in grades 8-11 discussed the same problems. Here the wife of the President of Russia for a long time and warmly communicated with schoolchildren. Later the guys told the reporter "Labor"that Lyudmila Aleksandrovna very well understands their problems – and educational overload, and the lack of time for personal life, and the subjectivity that takes place in the assessment of their knowledge. Lyudmila Putina also expressed her point of view: since the release of schoolchildren from overloads (and this is 16-18 hours "working" day) across the country will require time and money, then this issue should be addressed today in schools, with teachers. In her opinion, part of the curriculum could be transferred to universities. The first lady agreed with the participants "round table" the fact that the excessive workload of schoolchildren is partly due to the low salaries of teachers. "The profession of a teacher, – said Lyudmila Putina, – must be made one of the most paid – after all, we trust them with our future"… She also approved the proposal to abolish school grades in physical education, singing and drawing, as they lead to the development of complexes in children. Closing Session Speaker "round table" 11th grade student Anastasia Shchedrina actively defended the idea of ​​school self-government: "If I do not have rights at school, then how, after graduating from it, can I immediately, sharply feel like a citizen?"…

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